Several combat principles and strong fill light flash

Several combat principles and strong fill light flash

Cover image is a backlit scene, photo canvas online shed ruins above the elongated strip of large gaps from direct sunlight down the gap. We have to model the sun to outline the air with the edge line. A metering when using aperture priority mode and EV Save to -1.3EV, we need to know that even diminished EV, when people will face the backlight is dark, and now minus EV, so that dark scenes can be compared with real Sapporo , then the model’s face at least 2.5EV Under the above!

Here I am using AD180, plus an octagonal diffuser, flashing lights put on the left side, about 1/2 of output close to illuminate the character’s face. Such is the fruit of the cover picture!

If you do not flash, the camera is set so that the face normal exposure. Over white background is bound to a dead area of ??Exposure. So, which of course serves as an example calendering, GN oxen AD180 value of about 60, plus light diffusers although folded, but I’m close polish! Therefore, at this time will flash as the main character illumination light, without it, the character’s face is dark it! –

To understand here is that skill calendered available everywhere, in the light during the day, with or without shelter, they are the same ones.

And the application surface, with regard to the backlight, side backlight, side light better, along the side of the light will be more saturated scene effect.

Several Principles calendered
As we have observed in this book, ‘calender’ the way it is shot fundamentals effort. Calendering is commonly known as a flashy, some beginners always emphasized light up calender with very different things, in fact, is covered in calender systems and methods throughout the fill light, it is called ‘strong fill light’ , the practice is not difficult.

Good use of flash, the right amount of output, as well as the angle of lightning light quality, is to focus on the local control. In the calendering technique, the first principle to remember is:

Let the camera tube scene, the flash tube body: metering the scene, rather than the main metering. Make up the main body of the light. It is based on the flash to.
Let underexposure scene, will be more saturated colors: The scene after metering, minus 0.5 to 1.5 EV compensation.
Just try to go ‘back along the light and dark’ scene. When light and dark along the back, saying calender skills really do not need, and instead to note that the core problem is not too exposed, usually a little fill light contrast preempt it.

▲ to the body, the environment is one side of the backlight, side light of the situation, so the body is not lighting, Under the scene than about 1.5EV, we measured the scene, the camera -0.6EV, so that the body about it less exposed 2EV, flashing lights from the right to M (1/2) of the output lighting, only about balancing the exposure status of the subject with the scene. If you want to calender, measured after the scene, the camera on -1.6EV would be better, and will flash output M (1/1) full out.

Small details calendered
Additionally, the ‘calender’ with the average fill light is similar, there are some small details to note:

In case of strong, strong, weak case is weak: Scene low ambient light, can be considered a relatively weak flash output, on the contrary, when the scene of bright ambient light, we must use stronger flash output.
Even better than the front side lighting: lighting from the side of the body, but also perspective than from the front. In principle, to make room light with the lens at an angle (45 degrees or more). The light will be three-dimensional. With parallel rays between the lines, when the (flash-top), the light would be more flat-panel technology.
Make good use of flash mode M: Do not be afraid M mode. The field of digital cameras, is wrong to continue to try.
Rationalization of the angle of light: If the flash is the primary light source, the flash thought of the sun, try not to by the lighting up, but to play down by the upper.

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Total eclipse shooting Raiders

Total eclipse shooting Raiders

Causes of eclipse

The direction of the Earth away from the sun’s shadow will appear, canvas prints called earth shadow.

Movies to sub umbra and penumbra. Umbra zone refers to the area not subject to direct sunlight, but only by the penumbra part of the direct sunlight. Moon is orbiting the earth. The process can sometimes enter the earth shadow, which creates a lunar eclipse.

When the Moon enters umbra are whole, photos on canvas total lunar eclipse will occur; but if only a part into the umbra, the partial lunar eclipse will occur. Total eclipse and partial lunar eclipse is an eclipse umbra.

When the total eclipses, the moon is not completely invisible, which is due to sunlight through the atmosphere, being refracted into the umbra, projected onto the lunar surface, so that month leaving it red copper. Depending on the path through the umbra of the Moon and the Earth’s atmosphere at that time, the luminosity of different total eclipse will be different.

Sometimes the moon will not enter into the umbra and penumbra only. This is called a penumbral eclipse. During the penumbral lunar eclipse happens when the moon will be slightly dimmer, to carefully watch was aware.
Food Production Process
Penumbral eclipse of the moon just beginning and penumbra that moment, a slight reduction on the lunar surface brightness, but to the naked eye is sometimes difficult to detect.
Early losses (month and only total lunar eclipse partial eclipse) from the eastern edge of the Moon enter earth shadow of the moment, the Moon and the Earth’s umbra first cut.
Both food (only total lunar eclipse) the full moon enters the Earth’s umbra of the moment, and the umbra within the first cut.
Full moon eclipses Earth umbra center of the surface and the center of the nearest instantaneous. This time around the surface of the moon was red or dark red copper (a total eclipse).
Green light (total eclipse only) soon began to leave the Earth’s umbra of the moment, and with the second cut inside the Earth’s umbra.
Umbra (month and only total lunar eclipse partial eclipse) lunar umbra completely leave the Earth, and the Earth umbra second cut.
Moon leaves penumbra penumbral lunar leave. The official end of the whole process of the eclipse, but to the naked eye is difficult to detect.

* Secondary eclipse is to ‘bring the food out. ‘
It means eclipse early losses occur before moonrise, the moon rose over the eastern zone before entering the Earth’s umbra. (The following information refers to the Hong Kong Observatory)

Early losses 6:15 pm

Below the horizon, unobservable

Moonrise 6:34 pm

Fresh out of the band (direction) East (azimuth) 96 degrees (elevation) -1 degree

Eat only 7:54 pm

(Direction) East (azimuth) 104 degrees (elevation) 17 degrees

Eclipse 8:00 pm

(Direction) East (azimuth) 104 degrees (elevation) 18 degrees

Green light 8:06 pm

(Direction) East (azimuth) 105 degrees (elevation) 20 degrees

Umbra 9:45 pm

(Direction) East (azimuth) of 120 degrees (elevation) 40 degrees

Shooting tips:
People Sheyue play: enlarged photographic method, the phone can be Movies to craters on the Moon.

Most people think you always want to shoot the moon’s surface, to drive the use of expensive equipment, in fact, one hundred dollars of binoculars with you have a shade feature phones can do.

Method zoom photography: Shooting looking afar in the enlarged image on the eyepiece, although the brightness and quality due to multiple lens refraction decreases, but the image can be enlarged many times to shoot, and the price is very close to the people.

Wide Interval Shooting:
In time-lapse recording mode, the camera fixed on a tripod, then 24 ~ 35mm focal length lenses, wide angle shot total eclipse process.

If you want food drive easily eclipses the effect of interval shooting, shutter interval can be purchased to help shoot, the market out of many different types, but the best selection of some of the traditional design Hold the better it would be more flexible.

Take a recommendation every 5 seconds, and finally from the photos, taking photos at different times, in order to deal with star trails consistent approach to Startrails (PC) / StarstaX (Mac) as laminated.

Closeup Shooting:
Recommend 400mm or more but not more than 1800mm (Refer to the section after ‘shooting focal length scale drawing’), capable of close-up detail on the moon’s performance, coupled with a moment of total eclipse red moon, very precious.

But pay attention when the Moon umbra into this area, the luminosity will be very bleak, it is necessary to increase the ISO to increase shutter speed, if you want the best without a clear and less than 1 / 250s and you want a solid tripod and head.


Make good use of the original size of the optical element, so that the focal length multiplier, FF machine although the high quality, but for the ultra long-range shooting, with the same lens, falls on APS-C / M4 / 3 system can be more handy, greater image .

APS-C x 1.5 (500mm x1.5 = 750mm)

M4 / 3 x2 (500mm x 1.5 = 1000mm)

* Note that due to changes in brightness eclipse, very influenced by the quality of the atmosphere, it is now time to adjust the exposure, failed to provide exposure data, it is recommended to ISO400 basis, adjusting the aperture and shutter accommodating.

Whole Foods Cheng record:
Moon passes through the Earth’s umbra, luminosity different positions have changed, and by entering the umbra leave important moment when, must be a good record.

As you choose to record the entire eclipse close-up process, after shooting can use some graphic design software, each arranged in a recording made a valuable record of the entire eclipse.

Intimate Tips: Shooting focal length scale drawing
How long focal length is enough to shoot the moon does? I propose To Movies close-up, but with no trace of the equatorial astronomy. 1000 ~ 1500mm focal lengths are best taken months.

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How to make a good portrait under strong light conditions

How to make a good portrait under strong light conditions

1, to avoid positive light
Try not to allow direct sunlight to the subject’s face. Direct sunlight can leave too much shadow and glare of direct light will be photographed involuntary slightly narrowed eyes, face stiff. Find shade or shadow of a building, or change the subject in the face orientation can effectively solve this problem.

2. Choose a dark background
From a psychological point of view, people in the picture concern, priority is always the brightest part. On the prominent theme, it is clearly better than the dark background light background, unless you want to make a silhouette photo.
From the perspective of purely visual point of view, people seem bright background and dark, and the dark background was white; bright background makes the audience feel the glare, while the dark background is not. In addition, the dark background photo backlight, the light often give the subject’s hair and body contours plated on a faint golden light side, the visual effect is very beautiful, it is worth a try.

3, reasonable control exposure
Exposure under intense light, it is more difficult to control than the exposure in low-light conditions. Unable to find a dark background in the premise, you can shoot backlit photos, but do not face toward metering, this is likely to lead to the background overexposed. It recommended that the camera be transferred spot metering mode, select a little dark in the background, or hair at the edges slightly brighter for metering.

Then you should use the camera’s metering lock function. Find the AE-L button to lock the current photometry.

Keep in mind a principle: under strong light conditions of exposure, over exposure is the greatest threat of all to avoid overexposure to the center.
From another perspective, in the latter part of the process of correcting underexposed often been amended exposed than simple. Therefore, in the hot sun condition, rather neither underexposure nor overexposure. Try to choose a slightly brighter place to meter it.

4, careful lens flare
Under strong lighting conditions backlit film, the most common phenomenon is a lens flare, as showed in FIG.
And light reflection forming a wide angle lens flare generated when refracted through the lens and related. In general, wide-angle lens than the telephoto lens more prone to lens flare. How to avoid lens flare? Consider using the hood, or with obstructions (such as a finger) after shooting blocking direct light, and then with normal photographs are synthesized.

In addition to the above-described methods eliminate lens flare than to be rational use of lens flare, to add special photo artistic effects, as showed below.

To make these photos, you first need to lower the angle of the sun, before ten o’clock in the afternoon or after the time period is more suitable. Choose f / 16 and even smaller aperture, so that the sun will become a picture above ‘shine’ look. This method of point light sources is most applicable.
In composition, the sun on the corner of the screen, or the image above and showing from behind the subject’s foot.

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The use of multiple exposures to shoot different lotus

The use of multiple exposures to shoot different lotus

From not learning photography, his eyes had been filled with all kinds of lotus as the theme of the works, photos to canvas from a stunning start to the final numb, to be honest, there are not many pieces of lotus let me brighten up. However, only a quarter of the lotus, the lotus season, no one can hold back do not shoot photography lotus. From owning 5D3 later, I was in a group of multiple exposure shooting brewing lotuses, and then on a 500 folded lens focal lengths, then there will be a charge of shining this season.

First, the equipment ready
With multiple exposure functions SLR camera, canvas prints mirror lenses, stable tripod, and cable release.

Second, the timing of shooting
Early in the morning or evening, the sun just rising or falling nearly time to a lotus pond. You got to have light, need sun refracted reflection on the water, this time directional light, color temperature ideal for shooting.

Third, shooting techniques
(A) About the Lens
Mirror lenses are generally manual lens, 500-focus telephoto end in particular was accurate, real-time camera recommended screen manual focusing.
(B) Multiple exposures on the camera
In my use of Canon 5D3 example, the first turn on the camera’s Multiple Exposure function, multiple exposure control option, respectively, addition, average, bright, dark four options. ‘Addition’ is simply overlapping multiple images, exposure control is not performed, and the synthesized picture is brighter than before synthesis photos. ‘Average’ is the brightness control during photo synthesis, the number of copies for multiple exposures shooting automatic negative exposure compensation, the synthesized picture is adjusted to the proper exposure. ‘Bright’ as a basic image and synthetic thereon comparing only the synthesis of bright pixels. ‘Dark’ and ‘bright’ after the contrary, will serve as the base image and the synthetic image on which to compare only the synthesis of the darker pixels.
The group of pieces I used the ‘average’ control option, then the appropriate manual compensation through a negative to strengthen shades. As an addition, the bright and dark pattern, you can try to try according to their needs.

(C) For specific shooting
500mm lens exhumation 6.3 constant aperture, ok! Direct AV files, the camera parameters to it, just framing and composition. I take this group of lotus double exposure method for shooting, first select a good picture of the subject twice, that lotus-focus lens and unique foldback small circle before shooting.
First make a composition in mind, is the main position and space small circle is determined and exhumation extra focal. Lotus body requires clear, without too much blocking, use the camera’s real-time recording function is completed; reentry focus outside the small circle of friends, you can find refracting sunlight on the water, in real time on the screen can be very intuitive to see the focus adjustment state, no focus, because the focus after a small circle becomes very small, but also very harsh, the size of a small circle of determined according to their preferences. Then negative compensation manually, so that small circle as the background picture is slightly darker than the body lotus picture to better reflect a lotus body.
Although the ‘average’ mode the camera will automatically compensate the negative, but I try to find the brightness and brightness of the background of lotus body basically not much different, so it is still appropriate for background use manual negative compensation. As for the lotus and the small circle who should shoot, this can be, but the time interval between two shots is not that long, a long time will fail.

Fourth, on the late processing
5D3 comes with multiple exposure function, into a piece for RAW format, which for the latter provides more room for adjustment. Because the choice of a well-lit early morning and evening shooting, so the original film lighting strong sense of hierarchy, color is also quite rich, I slice this group only in the LR was carried out some basic adjustments.
In order to create the kind of quiet atmosphere, the color temperature appropriate to reduce the points, so that the screen is slightly bluish feeling; reduce high-light, so that the small circle of those golden-focus does not seem dazzling; then is to reduce the saturation, reduce overall saturation at the same time, and then the specific color on each piece of fine-tuning to adjust to the feeling you want; finally sharpening, noise reduction noise output.

This tutorial talked about shooting method is to use the camera multiple exposure function, a direct imaging, non-computer post-production, the operation is very simple, basically tried one or two will be able to fully grasp. Of course, this is just kind of techniques, ideas and creativity while shooting is the most important.

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For any photographic subjects 10 practical tips

For any photographic subjects 10 practical tips
Do you like shooting a landscape, portrait, still life, sport or what subject matters it? Each theme has its caveats, and 10 tips from custom canvas online, highlighting any applicable subject matter, when we like to refer to the shooting.

1) Keep it simple

Can be simple to simple, whether it is patterned, hit a lamp, simple handling makes the picture more interesting, but also a good thought process. Sometimes, scenery seen as ‘shapes and lines, ‘ will help you shoot more concise picture.

2) Check the details

No matter what the subject before you press the shutter, check the details of your theme taken, such as model’s hair, dust on the glass, the scenery was as unsightly trash, etc., before shooting a small correction (for example, changing the angle ), will make a substantial improvement in the photo, or to avoid more complicated and post-production.

3) Edge View

And (2) as visual impacts can be avoided, but to draw attention to some of the viewfinder is not 100% coverage, so the margin may be ingested something else; but Live view is usually a 100%.

4) to shoot RAW

For some beginners may not dare to post-production processing RAW files, but in fact it has the most extensive amount of information, allow larger post-production space (such as white balance and exposure adjustment) for various types of photographic subjects who are very helpful, especially shooting the wrong words.
5) Wait a good light

Whether any subject, whether artificial or natural light, good light will have a good photo, learn a little more light texture, change, effect, and wait for the best light, makes your photos has increased significantly.

6) a little closer

Many novice mistake is to leave too much unnecessary space photos, especially on the body, below. Alternatively, you can join the visible body, background, rich screen.

7) Thinking before shooting

Sometimes the first shot and then count, but the situation permitting, before shooting is always better to reflect on. What you do trying to include the image? You always want to freeze the action, or slow shutter allows the dynamic like water? Or Bokeh depth of field you need? What should be the main performance point of view? Light comes from?

8) underexposed, overexposed better than

In many cases, lack of exposure can also pull out the details of post-production, becomes overexposed dead white, it is more difficult to save, although there will be noise.
9) Do not be afraid to push ISO

Generally, the lower the ISO, the less noise, better picture quality. But if in a low light environment, a lot of video requires a higher shutter speed to avoid the dynamic paste mold, do not be afraid to push the ISO, a shot to get more important, secondly, to improve post-production, three to the camera technology has been progress today, unlike 10 years ago, it has been ISO 6400 terrible.

10) to shoot a lot of photos

To a more out of the picture can be used for back-up, and secondly to take more pictures, the best practice is, of course, you should not be afraid to try, experiment, make mistakes, constantly repeated in the exercise, regardless of any type of photography you They can be more sophisticated.

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